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数字化城市推动智能建筑快速发展
发布时间:2017-11-09 21:05:01 浏览次数:
<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-indent: 28.1pt; line-height: 200%; text-align: center; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-pagination: widow-orphan" align="center"><strong><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 200%; mso-font-kerning: 0pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 仿宋_GB2312"><o:p><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 200%; mso-font-kerning: 0pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 仿宋_GB2312"><o:p></o:p></span></o:p></span></strong></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-indent: 28pt; line-height: 200%; text-align: left; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-pagination: widow-orphan" align="left"><span style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 200%; font-family: 仿宋_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 0pt">数字城市是从工业化时代向信息化时代转换的基本标志之一。它一般指在城市</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 200%; mso-font-kerning: 0pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 仿宋_GB2312"><font face="Times New Roman">"</font></span><span style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 200%; font-family: 仿宋_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 0pt">自然、社会、经济</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 200%; mso-font-kerning: 0pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 仿宋_GB2312"><font face="Times New Roman">"</font></span><span style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 200%; font-family: 仿宋_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 0pt">系统的范畴中,能够有效获取、分类存储、自动处理和智能识别海量数据的、具有高分辨率和高度智能化的、既能虚拟现实又可直接参与城市管理和服务的一项综合工程。城市数字化使智能建筑进入了一个新的发展时期,其传统的理念、技术、管理都发生了很大变化。同时,新技术、新产品的不断进入,使智能建筑的市场容量不断扩大。传统的智能建筑主要是写字楼和酒店,新兴的智能建筑则影射到数字化城市的各个方面,包括:住宅小区、办公楼、图书馆、医院、会展中心、体育馆、交通等。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 200%; mso-font-kerning: 0pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 仿宋_GB2312"><font face="Times New Roman"> <o:p></o:p></font></span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-indent: 28pt; line-height: 200%; text-align: left; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-pagination: widow-orphan" align="left"><span style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 200%; font-family: 仿宋_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 0pt">受国家</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 200%; mso-font-kerning: 0pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 仿宋_GB2312"><font face="Times New Roman">“</font></span><span style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 200%; font-family: 仿宋_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 0pt">数字城市</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 200%; mso-font-kerning: 0pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 仿宋_GB2312"><font face="Times New Roman">”</font></span><span style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 200%; font-family: 仿宋_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 0pt">发展的影响,机关企业单位老办公楼的改造和新建办公楼均对信息化、智能化提出了较高的要求。此外,由于发展迅速及自身特点,某些行业,如银行、保险、金融、电信等,更是需要智能化程度高的建筑。由于普通住宅发展迅速,居民对居住条件有了更高的要求,特别是近年来</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 200%; mso-font-kerning: 0pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 仿宋_GB2312"><font face="Times New Roman">“</font></span><span style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 200%; font-family: 仿宋_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 0pt">智能大楼</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 200%; mso-font-kerning: 0pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 仿宋_GB2312"><font face="Times New Roman">”</font></span><span style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 200%; font-family: 仿宋_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 0pt">概念的引入,更使智能化居民小区发展异常迅速。目前,大城市几乎所有的新建居民小区都有了智能化的要求,并且随着</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 200%; mso-font-kerning: 0pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 仿宋_GB2312"><font face="Times New Roman">“</font></span><span style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 200%; font-family: 仿宋_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 0pt">数字城市</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 200%; mso-font-kerning: 0pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 仿宋_GB2312"><font face="Times New Roman">”</font></span><span style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 200%; font-family: 仿宋_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 0pt">的发展,一批数字化社区业已出现。相信随着今后居民住宅建设的发展,智能化、数字化的需求会愈来愈高。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 200%; mso-font-kerning: 0pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 仿宋_GB2312"><font face="Times New Roman"> <o:p></o:p></font></span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-indent: 28pt; line-height: 200%; text-align: left; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-pagination: widow-orphan" align="left"><span style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 200%; font-family: 仿宋_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 0pt">由于科教兴国战略已被中国政府确定为基本国策,图书馆信息化、数字化已成为必然趋势。我国图书馆的总数很多,但公共图书馆偏少,自动化程度发展缓慢,为解决这些问题,中央政府和地方政府都设立了图书馆建设专项资金,并已初步建立了</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 200%; mso-font-kerning: 0pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 仿宋_GB2312"><font face="Times New Roman">“</font></span><span style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 200%; font-family: 仿宋_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 0pt">中国图书馆信息网络</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 200%; mso-font-kerning: 0pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 仿宋_GB2312"><font face="Times New Roman">”</font></span><span style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 200%; font-family: 仿宋_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 0pt">(</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 200%; mso-font-kerning: 0pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 仿宋_GB2312"><font face="Times New Roman">CLINET</font></span><span style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 200%; font-family: 仿宋_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 0pt">),地市级以上图书馆基本入网,实现了与</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 200%; mso-font-kerning: 0pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 仿宋_GB2312"><font face="Times New Roman">Internet</font></span><span style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 200%; font-family: 仿宋_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 0pt">的互联,能进行信息资源共享和电子文献传输。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 200%; mso-font-kerning: 0pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 仿宋_GB2312"><font face="Times New Roman"> <o:p></o:p></font></span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-indent: 28pt; line-height: 200%; text-align: left; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-pagination: widow-orphan" align="left"><span style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 200%; font-family: 仿宋_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 0pt">数字城市的先行战略启动,应首先考虑城市交通智能化的全面建设。城市交通是一个高度动态化的空间网络体系。它从一个(随机的)起点,经过不同等级通道,通过不同交叉联结,经历不同信号调控和不同速度交混,走到目的地的(随机的)终点,其中还包括了不同车辆特性。不同静态交通(如停车场、修理厂、洗车厂等),不同环保要求和不同交通工具的具体规定。城市交通智能化的最终目的是实现</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 200%; mso-font-kerning: 0pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 仿宋_GB2312"><font face="Times New Roman">"</font></span><span style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 200%; font-family: 仿宋_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 0pt">路程最小化、时间最小化和成本最小化</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 200%; mso-font-kerning: 0pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 仿宋_GB2312"><font face="Times New Roman">"</font></span><span style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 200%; font-family: 仿宋_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 0pt">的目标函数。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 200%; mso-font-kerning: 0pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 仿宋_GB2312"><font face="Times New Roman"> <o:p></o:p></font></span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-indent: 28pt; line-height: 200%; text-align: left; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-pagination: widow-orphan" align="left"><span style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 200%; font-family: 仿宋_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 0pt">中国的数字城市建设,是促进国家信息化的最重要内容之一。随着数字城市的实现,将会更加优化地去配置城市资本,达到资源节约,提整体效率提高,促进经济发展、推动社会进步,改善生态质量的基本要求。同时无线通信、</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 200%; mso-font-kerning: 0pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 仿宋_GB2312"><a href="http://www.search.hc360.com/cgi-bin/seinterface.cgi?word=工业以太网" target="_blank"><span lang="EN-US" style="color: windowtext; font-family: 仿宋_GB2312; text-decoration: none; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; text-underline: none"><span lang="EN-US">工业以太网</span></span></a></span><span style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 200%; font-family: 仿宋_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 0pt">、现在总线、智能控制系统等技术的应用,数字化城市的发展推动了智能建筑的快速发展,使得智能建筑进入了一个新时代。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 200%; mso-font-kerning: 0pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 仿宋_GB2312"><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-indent: 28pt; line-height: 200%; text-align: right; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-pagination: widow-orphan" align="right"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 200%; mso-font-kerning: 0pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 仿宋_GB2312"><font face="Times New Roman">(</font></span><span style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 200%; font-family: 仿宋_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 0pt">摘自互联网</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 200%; mso-font-kerning: 0pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 仿宋_GB2312"><font face="Times New Roman">)<o:p></o:p></font></span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-indent: 28pt; line-height: 200%; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 200%; mso-fareast-font-family: 仿宋_GB2312"><o:p><font face="Times New Roman"> </font></o:p></span></p>

 

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